Poll: Americans are split on who’s to blame for 2018’s school shootings

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POLITICO/Morning Consult poll."/><meta name="description" content="Most U.S. households support stricter gun control laws and blame illegal gun deals and poor mental health care for mass shootings, according to the latest POLITICO/Morning Consult poll."/><!-- Keywords --><meta property="og:keywords" content="POLITICO, News, Washington D.C."/><!-- Share image --><meta property="twitter:image" content="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/share.jpg"/><meta property="twitter:image:alt" content="<Text>"/><meta property="og:image" content="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/share.jpg"/><meta property="og:image:type" content="image/jpeg"/><meta property="og:image:width" content="600"/><meta property="og:image:height" content="300"/><link href="css/main-app.14df2aea.css" rel="stylesheet"/><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="//www.politico.com/interactives/cdn/fonts/battletoads/icons/politico-battletoads-icons.min.css"/><link rel="stylesheet" href="../css/base/main.css"/><!-- jQuery --><!--Typekit--><!-- DIN 2014 only --><link rel="stylesheet" href="//use.typekit.net/dsx2uhv.css"/><!-- Jubilat include --><!-- <link rel="stylesheet" href="//use.typekit.net/bvr3gvp.css"> --></head><body id="readabilityBody" readability="40.016503550182"> </p> <nav title="navigation" class="global"> </nav> <p><!-- banner --></p> <div class="content-group ad"> <p>Advertisement</p> </p></div> <header class="center" readability="0.8"> <p class="category"> <a href="//www.politico.com/news/politics" target="_blank">Poll Points</a> </p> <figure class="g-logo"><img src="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/logo.png" alt="logo"/></figure> <p><!-- <p class="subhead"> Subhed lives in the metadata. </p> --> </header> <article class="container" readability="38.237860244769"> <p>Most U.S. households support stricter gun control laws and blame illegal gun deals and poor mental health care for mass shootings, according to the latest <a href="//www.politico.com/f/?id=00000163-8a21-dbc0-a56b-aee167c10001">POLITICO/Morning Consult poll</a>.</p> <div class="g-graphic-m center-ele graphic" readability="7"> <!-- Generated by ai2html v0.65.5 - 2018-05-25 14:19 --><br /> <!-- ai file: poll.ai --></p> <div id="g-poll-box" class="ai2html"> <!-- Artboard: Artboard_1 --> </p> <div id="g-poll-Artboard_1" class="g-artboard g-artboard-v3" data-min-width="575" readability="8"> <img id="g-ai0-0" class="g-aiImg" src="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/poll-Artboard_1.png"/></p> <div id="g-ai0-1" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="34"> <p>Do you, or does anyone in your household, own a gun of any kind?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-6" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>Do you support or oppose stricter gun control laws?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-7" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">Strongly support</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-8" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">No opinion</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-9" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">Strongly oppose</p> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <!-- Artboard: Artboard_1_copy --> </p> <div id="g-poll-Artboard_1_copy" class="g-artboard g-artboard-v3" data-min-width="450" data-max-width="574" readability="7"> <img id="g-ai1-0" class="g-aiImg" src="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/poll-Artboard_1_copy.png"/></p> <div id="g-ai1-1" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>Does anyone in your household own a gun of any kind?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-6" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>Do you support or oppose stricter gun control laws?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-7" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">Strongly support</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-8" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">No opinion</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-9" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">Strongly oppose</p> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <!-- Artboard: Artboard_1_copy_2 --> </p> <div id="g-poll-Artboard_1_copy_2" class="g-artboard g-artboard-v3" data-min-width="270" data-max-width="449" readability="7"> <img id="g-ai2-0" class="g-aiImg" src="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/poll-Artboard_1_copy_2.png"/></p> <div id="g-ai2-1" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>Does anyone in your household own a gun of any kind?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-6" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>Do you support or oppose stricter gun control laws?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-7" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Strongly</p> <p class="g-pstyle2">oppose</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-8" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle3">No opinion</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-9" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle3">Strongly support</p> </p></div> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <!-- End ai2html - 2018-05-25 14:19 --> </p> <p>SOURCE: POLITICO/Morning consult poll</p> </p></div> <p>According to the poll released Tuesday, 38 percent of Americans live in households that own guns, and 67 percent support stricter gun control laws.</p> <div class="g-graphic-m center-ele graphic" readability="7"> <!-- Generated by ai2html v0.65.5 - 2018-05-25 14:12 --><br /> <!-- ai file: poll2.ai --></p> <div id="g-poll2-box" class="ai2html"> <!-- Artboard: Artboard_1 --> </p> <div id="g-poll2-Artboard_1" class="g-artboard g-artboard-v3" data-min-width="575" readability="10"> <img id="g-ai0-0" class="g-aiImg" src="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/poll2-Artboard_1.png"/></p> <div id="g-ai0-1" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>How much do you blame the National Rifle Association for mass</p> <p>shootings?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-5" class="g-Layer_1 g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">Not at all</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-11" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs"> <p>… illegal gun dealers?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-17" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… lack of access to treatment for mental illness?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-23" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… Democrats in Congress?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-29" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… Republicans in Congress?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-35" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… President Donald Trump?</p> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <!-- Artboard: Artboard_1_copy --> </p> <div id="g-poll2-Artboard_1_copy" class="g-artboard g-artboard-v3" data-min-width="439" data-max-width="574" readability="11"> <img id="g-ai1-0" class="g-aiImg" src="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/poll2-Artboard_1_copy.png"/></p> <div id="g-ai1-1" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>How much do you blame the National Rifle Association for mass shooting? </p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-5" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">Not at all</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-11" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… illegal gun dealers for mass shootings?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-17" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… lack of access to treatment for mental illness?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-23" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… Democrats in Congress?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-29" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… Republicans in Congress?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-35" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… President Donald Trump?</p> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <!-- Artboard: Artboard_5 --> </p> <div id="g-poll2-Artboard_5" class="g-artboard g-artboard-v3" data-min-width="270" data-max-width="438" readability="10"> <img id="g-ai2-0" class="g-aiImg" src="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/poll2-Artboard_5.png"/></p> <div id="g-ai2-1" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>How much do you blame the National Rifle Association for mass shootings?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-5" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">Not at all</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-10" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs"> <p>… illegal gun dealers?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-15" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… lack of access to treatment for mental illness?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-20" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… Democrats in Congress?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-25" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… Republicans in Congress?</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-30" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="32"> <p>… President Donald Trump?</p> </p></div> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <!-- End ai2html - 2018-05-25 14:12 --> </p> <p>SOURCE: POLITICO/Morning consult poll</p> </p></div> <p>More than 80 percent of Americans believe illegal gun dealers and poor access to mental health care are to blame for mass shootings. But when asked whether the National Rifle Association shares any blame, the poll respondents were almost equally divided.</p> <h2 class="center-ele g-subhed">Why we asked</h2> <p>Last Friday, a gunman opened fire on a high school campus in Sante Fe, Texas, killing 10 people. The shooting thrust gun control issues back into the center of a national debate that has been raging since February, when a school shooting in Parkland, Florida, became the most one since Sandy Hook in 2012.</p> <div class="g-graphic-s center-ele graphic" readability="7"> <!-- Generated by ai2html v0.65.5 - 2018-05-25 14:16 --><br /> <!-- ai file: yearCount.ai --></p> <div id="g-yearCount-box" class="ai2html"> <!-- Artboard: Artboard_4 --> </p> <div id="g-yearCount-Artboard_4" class="g-artboard g-artboard-v3" data-min-width="397" readability="10.5"> <img id="g-ai0-0" class="g-aiImg" src="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/yearCount-Artboard_4.png"/> </p> <div id="g-ai0-4" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="35"> <p class="g-pstyle1">Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School <span class="g-cstyle0">in</span></p> <p>Parkland Fla;17 killed, 17 injured</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-7" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="34"> <p class="g-pstyle3"><span class="g-cstyle1">Sandy Hook Elementary School </span>in Newtown, Conn.; 26 killed, 2 injured</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-9" class="g-Layer_1 g-aiAbs" readability="7"> <p class="g-pstyle3"><span class="g-cstyle1">2012</span> was reported as the deadliest year;</p> <p class="g-pstyle3"><span class="g-cstyle1">34 </span>dead</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-11" class="g-Layer_1 g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle3"><span class="g-cstyle1">2018</span> already has</p> <p class="g-pstyle3">the casualties, <span class="g-cstyle1">87</span></p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-13" class="g-Layer_1 g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle4">80 casualties</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-14" class="g-Layer_1 g-aiAbs"> <p>Casualty count as </p> <p class="g-pstyle1"><span class="g-cstyle0">of </span>May 18</p> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <!-- Artboard: Artboard_4_copy --> </p> <div id="g-yearCount-Artboard_4_copy" class="g-artboard g-artboard-v3" data-min-width="270" data-max-width="396" readability="12"> <img id="g-ai1-0" class="g-aiImg" src="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/yearCount-Artboard_4_copy.png"/> </p> <div id="g-ai1-4" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="36"> <p class="g-pstyle1">Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School <span class="g-cstyle0">in</span></p> <p>Parkland Florida,17 killed, 34 casualties</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-7" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="35"> <p class="g-pstyle3">Sandy Hook elementary school</p> <p class="g-pstyle4">in Newtown Connecticut,</p> <p class="g-pstyle4">26 killed, 28 casualties. It is the <span class="g-cstyle1">deadliest school shooting</span>.</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-10" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle4"><span class="g-cstyle1">2012 </span>was reported as the deadliest year, <span class="g-cstyle1">34 </span>dead</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-11" class="g-Layer_1 g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle4"><span class="g-cstyle1">2018</span> has the most</p> <p class="g-pstyle4">casualties, totaling <span class="g-cstyle1">87</span></p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-13" class="g-Layer_1 g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">80 casualties</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-14" class="g-Layer_1 g-aiAbs"> <p>Casualty toll as </p> <p class="g-pstyle1"><span class="g-cstyle0">of </span>May 18</p> </p></div> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <!-- End ai2html - 2018-05-25 14:16 --> </p> <p>SOURCE: Washington Post school shooting database <br />NOTE: Casualty includes both the dead and injuried</p> </p></div> <p>We are only 21 weeks into the year, but already there have been 16 school shootings, leaving 87 people dead or wounded. That’s already the highest school shooting casualty count for any year recorded since 2000, according to a <a href="//github.com/washingtonpost/data-school-shootings">database</a> compiled by The Washington Post.</p> <div class="g-graphic-m center-ele graphic" readability="7"> <!-- Generated by ai2html v0.65.5 - 2018-05-25 14:13 --><br /> <!-- ai file: map.ai --></p> <div id="g-map-box" class="ai2html"> <!-- Artboard: Artboard_6 --> </p> <div id="g-map-Artboard_6" class="g-artboard g-artboard-v3" data-min-width="575" readability="14"> <img id="g-ai0-0" class="g-aiImg" src="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/map-Artboard_6.png"/></p> <div id="g-ai0-1" class="g-years g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">2000 to 2018</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-2" class="g-years g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">2018 Jan. to May</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-3" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle1"><span class="g-cstyle0">213</span> school shootings, <span class="g-cstyle0">127 </span>deaths</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-4" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle1"><span class="g-cstyle0">16</span> school shootings, <span class="g-cstyle0">31</span> deaths</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-5" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Sandy Hook elementary school<span class="g-cstyle1">, </span><span class="g-cstyle2">28 casualties</span></p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-6" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Marshall County High School<span class="g-cstyle1">, </span><span class="g-cstyle2">18 casualties</span></p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-7" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School<span class="g-cstyle1">, </span><span class="g-cstyle2">34 casualties</span></p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-8" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Santa Fe High School<span class="g-cstyle1">, </span><span class="g-cstyle2">20 casualties</span></p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai0-11" class="g-total g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle3">10 casualties</p> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <!-- Artboard: Artboard_6_copy --> </p> <div id="g-map-Artboard_6_copy" class="g-artboard g-artboard-v3" data-min-width="275" data-max-width="399" readability="14"> <img id="g-ai1-0" class="g-aiImg" src="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/map-Artboard_6_copy.png"/></p> <div id="g-ai1-1" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">2000 to 2018</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-2" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle1"><span class="g-cstyle0">213</span> school shootings, <span class="g-cstyle0">127 </span>deaths</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-3" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Sandy Hook elementary school<span class="g-cstyle1">, </span><span class="g-cstyle2">28 casualties</span></p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-6" class="g-total g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle3">10 casualties</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-7" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">2018 Jan. to May 18</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-8" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs g-aiPointText" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle1"><span class="g-cstyle0">16</span> school shootings, <span class="g-cstyle0">31</span> deaths</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-9" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Marshall County High School<span class="g-cstyle1">, </span><span class="g-cstyle2">18 casualties</span></p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-10" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School<span class="g-cstyle1">, </span><span class="g-cstyle2">34 casualties</span></p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai1-11" class="g-thin-text g-aiAbs" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Santa Fe High School<span class="g-cstyle1">, </span><span class="g-cstyle2">20 casualties</span></p> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <!-- Artboard: Artboard_6_copy_2 --> </p> <div id="g-map-Artboard_6_copy_2" class="g-artboard g-artboard-v3" data-min-width="400" data-max-width="574" readability="14"> <img id="g-ai2-0" class="g-aiImg" src="//www.politico.com/interactives/2018/school-shooting-poll/images/map-Artboard_6_copy_2.png"/></p> <div id="g-ai2-1" class="g-ai2html-settings g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">2000 to 2018</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-2" class="g-ai2html-settings g-aiAbs g-aiPointText" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle1"><span class="g-cstyle0">213</span> school shootings, <span class="g-cstyle0">127 </span>deaths</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-3" class="g-ai2html-settings g-aiAbs" readability="8"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Sandy Hook elementary school<span class="g-cstyle1">, </span><span class="g-cstyle2">28 casualties</span></p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-6" class="g-ai2html-settings g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle3">10 casualties</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-7" class="g-ai2html-settings g-aiAbs g-aiPointText"> <p class="g-pstyle0">2018 Jan. to May 18</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-8" class="g-ai2html-settings g-aiAbs g-aiPointText" readability="33"> <p class="g-pstyle1"><span class="g-cstyle0">16</span> school shootings, <span class="g-cstyle0">31</span> deaths</p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-9" class="g-ai2html-settings g-aiAbs" readability="8"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Marshall County High School<span class="g-cstyle1">, </span><span class="g-cstyle2">18 casualties</span></p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-10" class="g-ai2html-settings g-aiAbs" readability="8"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Santa Fe High School<span class="g-cstyle1">, </span><span class="g-cstyle2">20 casualties</span></p> </p></div> <div id="g-ai2-11" class="g-ai2html-settings g-aiAbs" readability="8"> <p class="g-pstyle2">Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School<span class="g-cstyle1">, </span><span class="g-cstyle2">34 casualties</span></p> </p></div> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <!-- End ai2html - 2018-05-25 14:13 --> </p> <p>SOURCE: Washington Post school shooting database<br />NOTE: Casualty includes both the dead and injuried</p> </p></div> <div class="nerd center-ele" readability="8.8753894080997"> NOTE TO THE DATA: The POLITICO/Morning Consult poll was conducted May 18-22, surveying 1,993 registered voters. The margin of sampling error is plus or minus 2 percentage points. School shooting data was compiled by the Washington Post and published under a <a href="//creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/">Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International license</a>.</div> </article> <footer> </footer> <p> <!--Generated by Hostinger Page Cache--> <div style='text-align: right;position: fixed;z-index:9999999;bottom: 0; width: 100%;cursor: pointer;line-height: 0;display:block !important;'><a title="000webhost logo" rel="nofollow" target="_blank" href="https://www.000webhost.com/?utm_source=000webhostapp&utm_campaign=000_logo&utm_campaign=ss-footer_logo&utm_medium=000_logo&utm_content=website"><img src="https://cdn.rawgit.com/000webhost/logo/e9bd13f7/footer-powered-by-000webhost-white2.png" alt="000webhost logo"></a></div></body>//www.politico.com</p> </div><!-- .entry-content --> <footer class="entry-footer"> <span class="posted-on"><span class="screen-reader-text">Posted on </span><a href="//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/index.php/2018/05/25/poll-americans-are-split-on-whos-to-blame-for-2018s-school-shootings/" rel="bookmark"><time class="entry-date published updated" datetime="2018-05-25T20:14:42+00:00">25th May 2018</time></a></span> </footer><!-- .entry-footer --> </article><!-- #post-## --> <article id="post-20366" class="post-20366 post type-post status-publish format-standard hentry category-uncategorised"> <header class="entry-header"> <h2 class="entry-title"><a href="//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/index.php/2018/05/25/pruitt-spent-3-5m-on-security-in-his-first-year/" rel="bookmark">Pruitt spent $3.5M on security in his first year</a></h2> </header><!-- .entry-header --> <div class="entry-content"> <div class=" story-intro format-s" itemscope="" itemprop="mainEntityOfPage" itemtype="//schema.org/Article"> <span itemprop="image" itemscope="" itemtype="//schema.org/ImageObject"> <meta itemprop="url" content="//static.politico.com/df/41/897e75014204a4efa0d2d4e5c51a/180525-pruitt-guard-gty-1160.jpg"/><meta itemprop="width" content="1160"/><meta itemprop="height" content="550"/></span> </p> <figure class="art " readability="1.5"> <div class="fig-graphic"> <picture><source srcset="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/a75dc5b/2147483647/resize/1160x/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2Fdf%2F41%2F897e75014204a4efa0d2d4e5c51a%2F180525-pruitt-guard-gty-1160.jpg" media="(min-width: 1012px)"><source srcset="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/5d51dd0/2147483647/resize/971x/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2Fdf%2F41%2F897e75014204a4efa0d2d4e5c51a%2F180525-pruitt-guard-gty-1160.jpg" media="(min-width: 667px)"><source srcset="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/d5c39c4/2147483647/resize/646x/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2Fdf%2F41%2F897e75014204a4efa0d2d4e5c51a%2F180525-pruitt-guard-gty-1160.jpg" media="(min-width: 485px)"><source srcset="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/dd44e61/2147483647/resize/463x/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2Fdf%2F41%2F897e75014204a4efa0d2d4e5c51a%2F180525-pruitt-guard-gty-1160.jpg" media="(max-width: 484px)"><img src="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/a793bcf/2147483647/resize/1160x%3E/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2Fdf%2F41%2F897e75014204a4efa0d2d4e5c51a%2F180525-pruitt-guard-gty-1160.jpg" alt="A bodyguard for Scott Pruitt is pictured. | Getty Images" title="A bodyguard for Scott Pruitt is pictured. | Getty Images"/></source></source></source></source></picture></div><figcaption readability="3"> <p> EPA chief Scott Pruitt’s security spending jumped as his protective detail roughly doubled in size to provide unprecedented 24/7 coverage. | Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images</p> </figcaption></figure> </p></div> <p>EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt’s security detail cost about $3.5 million for his first year in office, more than twice what his predecessor spent in the final year of the Obama administration, according to spending summaries released today by EPA.</p> <p>Pruitt’s security spending jumped as his protective detail roughly doubled in size to provide unprecedented 24/7 coverage and began flying alongside Pruitt in first class on domestic flights. Some lawmakers have recently questioned whether the extra spending was justified by the threats made against Pruitt.</p> <p class="story-continued">Story Continued Below</p> <p>Salaries and travel costs totaled $3,489,981.67 between April 2017 and March 2018. The data was tabulated in quarterly increments. Pruitt took office in mid-February last year.</p> <p>That’s nearly a 110 percent increase over security spending on his predecessor, Gina McCarthy, in 2016, according to the data. McCarthy’s security costs totaled $1,665,157.28 for the calendar year 2016.</p> <p>EPA spokesman Jahan Wilcox reiterated that Pruitt has faced “an unprecedented amount of death threats” and that EPA plans to post the costs of his security detail on a quarterly basis. </p> <aside class="story-related cl-l db "> <aside class="content-group inline-module-morning-energy"> <section class="speedbump layout-bi"> <div class="speedbump-item pos-beta"> <div class="js-tealium-newsletter" data-subscription-module="newsletter_inline_standard_Morning Energy - POLITICO" readability="6.5"> <div class="dari-frame dari-frame-loaded" name="inline-module-morning-energy-full-0000014f-1646-d88f-a1cf-5f46b3e50000" data-insertion-mode="replace" data-extra-form-data="_frame.path=5c388a2e37218b65f1db610df3d5c42a&_frame.name=inline-module-morning-energy-full-0000014f-1646-d88f-a1cf-5f46b3e50000" readability="8"> <p class="legal-disclaimer">By signing up you agree to receive email newsletters or alerts from POLITICO. You can unsubscribe at any time.</p> </p></div> </div></div> </section> </aside> </aside> <p>“Americans should all agree that members of the President’s cabinet should be kept safe from violent threats,” Wilcox said.</p> <div class="story-supplement "> <aside class="content-categories"> <h6>This article tagged under:</h6> </aside> </div> <div class=""> <aside class="content-group"> <div class="story-supplement"> <div class="spotlight" readability="6.0165289256198"> <div class="summary fs-i" readability="7.7355371900826"> <p>Missing out on the latest scoops? Sign up for <a href="//www.politico.com/subscribe/playbook?cid=su_stft_pb" target="_blank">POLITICO Playbook</a> and get the latest news, every morning — in your inbox.</p> </p></div> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <br /> </aside> </div> <p> //www.politico.com</p> </div><!-- .entry-content --> <footer class="entry-footer"> <span class="posted-on"><span class="screen-reader-text">Posted on </span><a href="//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/index.php/2018/05/25/pruitt-spent-3-5m-on-security-in-his-first-year/" rel="bookmark"><time class="entry-date published updated" datetime="2018-05-25T20:06:49+00:00">25th May 2018</time></a></span> </footer><!-- .entry-footer --> </article><!-- #post-## --> <article id="post-20364" class="post-20364 post type-post status-publish format-standard hentry category-uncategorised"> <header class="entry-header"> <h2 class="entry-title"><a href="//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/index.php/2018/05/25/trump-administration-presents-capitol-hill-with-deal-to-rescue-chinese-firm-zte/" rel="bookmark">Trump administration presents Capitol Hill with deal to rescue Chinese firm ZTE</a></h2> </header><!-- .entry-header --> <div class="entry-content"> <div class=" story-intro format-s" itemscope="" itemprop="mainEntityOfPage" itemtype="//schema.org/Article"> <span itemprop="image" itemscope="" itemtype="//schema.org/ImageObject"> <meta itemprop="url" content="//static.politico.com/11/75/c6a329764fd3a53e3c65d680821c/180514-zte-gty-2-1160.jpg"/><meta itemprop="width" content="1160"/><meta itemprop="height" content="550"/></span> </p> <figure class="art " readability="1.5"> <div class="fig-graphic"> <picture><source srcset="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/0b92576/2147483647/resize/1160x/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2F11%2F75%2Fc6a329764fd3a53e3c65d680821c%2F180514-zte-gty-2-1160.jpg" media="(min-width: 1012px)"><source srcset="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/102a61e/2147483647/resize/971x/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2F11%2F75%2Fc6a329764fd3a53e3c65d680821c%2F180514-zte-gty-2-1160.jpg" media="(min-width: 667px)"><source srcset="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/4d87f9d/2147483647/resize/646x/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2F11%2F75%2Fc6a329764fd3a53e3c65d680821c%2F180514-zte-gty-2-1160.jpg" media="(min-width: 485px)"><source srcset="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/b0ba0c0/2147483647/resize/463x/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2F11%2F75%2Fc6a329764fd3a53e3c65d680821c%2F180514-zte-gty-2-1160.jpg" media="(max-width: 484px)"><img src="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/cad2df6/2147483647/resize/1160x%3E/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2F11%2F75%2Fc6a329764fd3a53e3c65d680821c%2F180514-zte-gty-2-1160.jpg" alt="ZTE logo is pictured. | Getty" title="ZTE logo is pictured. | Getty"/></source></source></source></source></picture></div><figcaption readability="3"> <p> The move comes a week before Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross is scheduled to travel to Beijing to continue efforts to negotiate a trade truce between the U.S. and China. | Wang Zhao/AFP/Getty Images</p> </figcaption></figure> </p></div> <p>The Trump administration has reached a deal that will put Chinese telecommunications giant ZTE back in business by rolling back severe sanctions put in place last month by the Commerce Department, according to a source familiar with the matter.</p> <p>The move to settle with the Chinese company removes a major barrier to U.S.-China trade talks as Beijing opposed a penalty that would have shuttered the firm by prohibiting U.S. suppliers from doing business with ZTE for seven years.</p> <p class="story-continued">Story Continued Below</p> <p>It also comes a week before Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross is scheduled to travel to Beijing to continue efforts to negotiate a trade truce between the two countries.</p> <p>Commerce notified officials on Capitol Hill of a deal, which will have ZTE pay a bigger fine, hire American compliance officers and replace the firm’s current management team, the source said.</p> <p>Once those terms are met, the U.S. will lift a denial order, allowing ZTE to start doing business with American companies again, the source said.</p> <aside class="story-related cl-l db "> <aside class="content-group inline-module-morning-trade"> <section class="speedbump layout-bi"> <div class="speedbump-item pos-beta"> <div class="js-tealium-newsletter" data-subscription-module="newsletter_inline_standard_Morning Trade - POLITICO" readability="6.5"> <div class="dari-frame dari-frame-loaded" name="inline-module-morning-trade-full-0000014f-1646-d88f-a1cf-5f46bafc0000" data-insertion-mode="replace" data-extra-form-data="_frame.path=5c388a2e37218b65f1db610df3d5c42a&_frame.name=inline-module-morning-trade-full-0000014f-1646-d88f-a1cf-5f46bafc0000" readability="8"> <p class="legal-disclaimer">By signing up you agree to receive email newsletters or alerts from POLITICO. You can unsubscribe at any time.</p> </p></div> </div></div> </section> </aside> </aside> <p>But<b> </b>the news of a deal also brought quick condemnation from lawmakers on both sides of the aisle. Many on Capitol Hill view the action as a sign of weakness against China, especially as the administration tries to take Beijing to task over policies it says have robbed U.S. companies of sensitive technology.</p> <p>“Yes they have a deal in mind. It is a great deal… for #ZTE & China,” Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) tweeted. “#China crushes U.S. companies with no mercy & they use these telecomm companies to spy & steal from us. Many hoped this time would be different. Now congress will need to act.” </p> <p>Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer said the deal as reported “would be helping make China great again.“</p> <p>“Both parties in Congress should come together to stop this deal in its tracks,” he said in a statement Friday.</p> <p>The Senate Banking Committee approved an amendment Tuesday that would bar the president from modifying any civil penalties against “Chinese telecommunications companies” unless he could certify that the company has not violated U.S. law in the past year and is fully cooperating with an investigation. That action follows a similar measure approved by a House panel last week.</p> <p>The deal between the administration and ZTE largely follows elements shared publicly by President Donald Trump and other senior officials this week<b>.</b></p> <p>”What I envision is a very large fine of more than a billion dollars,” Trump told reporters at the White House on Tuesday. “Could be a billion-three. I envision a new management, a new board and very, very strict security rules. And I also envision that they will have to buy a big percentage of their parts and equipment from American companies.” </p> <aside class="story-related"> <article class="story-frag format-sm"> <figure class="thumb"> <div class="fig-graphic"> <a href="//www.politico.com/story/2018/05/22/china-zte-rollback-sanctions-trump-563809" target="_top" data-tracking="mpos=inside body&mid=ParentheticalModule&lindex=Unknown&lcol=Unknown" class="js-tealium-tracking"><img data-lazy-img="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/f32fedc/2147483647/legacy_thumbnail/90x49%3E/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2Fc3%2Fe3%2F920664fb459ca5a74a672892f790%2F180522-chuck-schumer-gettyimages-961444288.jpg" width="90" height="49" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAAAAACH5BAEKAAEALAAAAAABAAEAAAICTAEAOw==" alt="Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer is pictured. | Getty Images" data-size="promo_xsmall_rectangle"/></a></div> </figure> </article> </aside> <p>ZTE had already been hit with $1.19 billion in fines announced last year, following a two-year Obama administration investigation. The company was initially penalized for violating U.S. sanctions on Iran and North Korea by supplying those countries with telecommunications equipment containing U.S. parts. </p> <p>Ross announced the seven-year ban would be put in place after ZTE violated the terms of deal that suspended the denial order in exchange for the company following a strict compliance plan. </p> <p>That — to the Trump administration’s apparent surprise — prompted the company a few weeks later to announce it was ceasing major business operations. </p> <p>Then in a further stunning development, Trump tweeted that he had talked to Chinese President Xi Jinping about the issue and had instructed the Commerce Department to look into easing the ban on ZTE to save Chinese jobs.</p> <p>The matter is also complicated by national security concerns. Intelligence leaders have been warning for months that the Chinese government was leveraging domestic companies with footprints abroad like ZTE to spy on other countries. Earlier this month, FBI Director Christopher Wray <a href="//www.politico.com/story/2018/05/16/fbi-wray-zte-china-trump-594471" target="_blank">said</a> during congressional testimony that he did not want foreign companies like ZTE gaining access to the U.S. telecommunications network.</p> <p>That drama was taking place against the backdrop of Trump’s threat to impose duties on $50 billion to $150 billion worth of Chinese exports to pressure Beijing to do more to stop intellectual property theft, and China’s vow to strike back if those duties were imposed. </p> <p>Heading into high-level trade talks between the two countries earlier this month, news reports said that China would agree to drop its retaliation on about $3 billion worth of U.S. agricultural exports if the U.S. eased off on sanctions on ZTE. Beijing originally threatened the retaliation in early April, after Trump imposed new tariffs on steel and aluminum products.</p> <aside class="story-related"> <article class="story-frag format-sm"> <figure class="thumb"> <div class="fig-graphic"> <a href="//www.politico.com/story/2018/05/20/kudlow-zte-china-trump-trade-599327" target="_top" data-tracking="mpos=inside body&mid=ParentheticalModule&lindex=Unknown&lcol=Unknown" class="js-tealium-tracking"><img data-lazy-img="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/f3073d0/2147483647/legacy_thumbnail/90x49%3E/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2F98%2F5d%2F2b8fce81438eb9026cf9d8f9911c%2Fkudlow-js-1160.jpg" width="90" height="49" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAAAAACH5BAEKAAEALAAAAAABAAEAAAICTAEAOw==" alt="kudlow_js_1160.jpg" data-size="promo_xsmall_rectangle"/></a></div> </figure> </article> </aside> <p>A joint statement released after the meeting was silent on the ZTE issue, and Beijing has not lifted its retaliatory duties on U.S. farm products, nor has the United States lifted its new tariffs on Chinese steel and aluminum. But as part of the preliminary deal announced last Saturday, Ross is expected to go to China in early June to negotiate long-term contracts for sales of U.S. farm goods and energy products. </p> <p>On Tuesday, Trump reiterated that he had asked the Commerce Department to look at easing current penalties on ZTE as a favor to Xi. But he insisted his administration would not go easy on the company. </p> <p>Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and other administration officials have insisted there was nothing unusual about Xi asking Trump to review the penalty because Trump often phones world leaders to ask them to do favors for U.S. firms.</p> <p>“The president asked myself and the Commerce secretary to look into it. He didn’t dictate any terms. He just asked us to look into it,” Mnuchin said earlier this week during an interview on CNBC. Any changes to ZTE’s penalty are not part of the broader trade negotiations going on between the two countries, he added. </p> <p>“The [Commerce Department’s] intent was not to put the company out of business. It was an enforcement issue,” Mnuchin said. </p> <p>ZTE reported having nearly 75,000 employees last year.</p> <p>American firms are also closely tied to ZTE’s fortunes. About 65 percent of ZTE phones use chips made by American company Qualcomm, according to Canalys, a tech market analysis firm. Stocks of several of ZTE’s U.S. suppliers fell after Commerce took action last month.</p> <p>Reports of a deal to rescue ZTE were first reported by The New York Times.</p> <p><i>Taylor Miller Thomas contributed to this report.</i></p> <div class="story-supplement "> <aside class="content-categories"> <h6>This article tagged under:</h6> </aside> </div> <div class=""> <aside class="content-group"> <div class="story-supplement"> <div class="spotlight" readability="6.0165289256198"> <div class="summary fs-i" readability="7.7355371900826"> <p>Missing out on the latest scoops? Sign up for <a href="//www.politico.com/subscribe/playbook?cid=su_stft_pb" target="_blank">POLITICO Playbook</a> and get the latest news, every morning — in your inbox.</p> </p></div> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <br /> </aside> </div> <p> //www.politico.com</p> </div><!-- .entry-content --> <footer class="entry-footer"> <span class="posted-on"><span class="screen-reader-text">Posted on </span><a href="//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/index.php/2018/05/25/trump-administration-presents-capitol-hill-with-deal-to-rescue-chinese-firm-zte/" rel="bookmark"><time class="entry-date published updated" datetime="2018-05-25T20:01:13+00:00">25th May 2018</time></a></span> </footer><!-- .entry-footer --> </article><!-- #post-## --> <article id="post-20362" class="post-20362 post type-post status-publish format-standard hentry category-uncategorised"> <header class="entry-header"> <h2 class="entry-title"><a href="//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/index.php/2018/05/25/manafort-virginia-trial-delayed-two-weeks/" rel="bookmark">Manafort Virginia trial delayed two weeks</a></h2> </header><!-- .entry-header --> <div class="entry-content"> <div class=" story-intro format-s" itemscope="" itemprop="mainEntityOfPage" itemtype="//schema.org/Article"> <span itemprop="image" itemscope="" itemtype="//schema.org/ImageObject"> <meta itemprop="url" content="//static.politico.com/e7/9d/4d18bd3946ae802f69f1a19bcee0/171211-hounshell-manafort-ap.jpg"/><meta itemprop="width" content="1160"/><meta itemprop="height" content="550"/></span> </p> <figure class="art " readability="1.5"> <div class="fig-graphic"> <picture><source srcset="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/60a2274/2147483647/resize/1160x/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2Fe7%2F9d%2F4d18bd3946ae802f69f1a19bcee0%2F171211-hounshell-manafort-ap.jpg" media="(min-width: 1012px)"><source srcset="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/376c955/2147483647/resize/971x/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2Fe7%2F9d%2F4d18bd3946ae802f69f1a19bcee0%2F171211-hounshell-manafort-ap.jpg" media="(min-width: 667px)"><source srcset="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/36aef48/2147483647/resize/646x/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2Fe7%2F9d%2F4d18bd3946ae802f69f1a19bcee0%2F171211-hounshell-manafort-ap.jpg" media="(min-width: 485px)"><source srcset="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/030cf62/2147483647/resize/463x/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2Fe7%2F9d%2F4d18bd3946ae802f69f1a19bcee0%2F171211-hounshell-manafort-ap.jpg" media="(max-width: 484px)"><img src="//static.politico.com/dims4/default/28fd94d/2147483647/resize/1160x%3E/quality/90/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.politico.com%2Fe7%2F9d%2F4d18bd3946ae802f69f1a19bcee0%2F171211-hounshell-manafort-ap.jpg" alt="171211_hounshell_manafort_ap.jpg" title="171211_hounshell_manafort_ap.jpg"/></source></source></source></source></picture></div><figcaption readability="3"> <p> Alexandria-based U.S. District Court Judge T.S. Ellis III announced in an order that he is sliding the start date for Paul Manafort’s trial from July 10 to July 24. | AP Photo</p> </figcaption></figure> </p></div> <p>Former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort’s trial in a Virginia federal court on tax evasion and bank fraud charges filed by special counsel Robert Mueller will be delayed two weeks to now begin in late July, the judge in the case said Friday.</p> <p>Alexandria-based U.S. District Court Judge T.S. Ellis III announced in <a href="//www.politico.com/f/?id=00000163-9849-dd91-abe7-996dcaee0000" target="_blank">an order</a> that he is sliding the start date for Manafort’s trial from July 10 to July 24. </p> <p class="story-continued">Story Continued Below</p> <p>The judge said the delay was due to a medical procedure for one of his family members. However, last week he ordered a two-week delay in a hearing on some key motions in the case. That move led to speculation that Manafort’s trial would wind up being delayed.</p> <p>The Virginia case is one of two criminal cases Manafort is facing. The other case, also brought by Mueller’s prosecutors, charges the longtime political consultant and lobbyist with money laundering and failing to register as a foreign agent in connection with his Ukraine-related work. That case, pending in U.S. District Court in Washington, is set to go to trial Sept. 17.</p> <p>With the Virginia trial expected to last at least several weeks, it seems possible that any further delays in Manafort’s Virginia trial would lead to a delay in the Washington case.</p> <p>A spokesman for Manafort declined to comment on the judge’s announcement. A spokesman for Mueller’s office declined to comment. </p> <div class="story-supplement "> <aside class="content-categories"> <h6>This article tagged under:</h6> </aside> </div> <div class=""> <aside class="content-group"> <div class="story-supplement"> <div class="spotlight" readability="6.0165289256198"> <div class="summary fs-i" readability="7.7355371900826"> <p>Missing out on the latest scoops? Sign up for <a href="//www.politico.com/subscribe/playbook?cid=su_stft_pb" target="_blank">POLITICO Playbook</a> and get the latest news, every morning — in your inbox.</p> </p></div> </p></div> </p></div> <p> <br /> </aside> </div> <p> //www.politico.com</p> </div><!-- .entry-content --> <footer class="entry-footer"> <span class="posted-on"><span class="screen-reader-text">Posted on </span><a href="//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/index.php/2018/05/25/manafort-virginia-trial-delayed-two-weeks/" rel="bookmark"><time class="entry-date published updated" datetime="2018-05-25T18:31:50+00:00">25th May 2018</time></a></span> </footer><!-- .entry-footer --> </article><!-- #post-## --> <article id="post-20361" class="post-20361 post type-post status-publish format-standard hentry category-uncategorised"> <header class="entry-header"> <h2 class="entry-title"><a href="//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/index.php/2018/05/25/how-to-fail-at-summitry-lessons-for-trump-from-the-middle-east/" rel="bookmark">How to Fail at Summitry: Lessons for Trump From the Middle East</a></h2> </header><!-- .entry-header --> <div class="entry-content"> <p>As of this writing, the much-anticipated summit between President Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has been cancelled. Or postponed. Or, based on what the president is now saying, it might still happen as scheduled.</p> <p>Accounts of why Trump pulled the plug on the summit are confusing and contradictory: Some say it was due to North Korea’s hot rhetoric, including calling the vice president a “political dummy”; others say it had more to do with North Korean officials’ failure to engage ahead of the scheduled June 12 meeting. It might also have due to the president’s dawning realization that Pyongyang was not going to meet his demand for comprehensive de-nuclearization, a demand that may or may not have been made, given the mixed signals Trump and his harder-line advisers were sending. </p> <p class="story-continued">Story Continued Below</p> <p>The situation now is just as murky: The U.S. is still, maybe, threatening with complete annihilation the country with which it wishes to reach a historic diplomatic agreement. And South Korea, whose president Trump just hosted at the White House and whose cooperation on any summitry would be crucial, might or might not have been forewarned. To sum up the Trumpian attitude toward all this—whatever. We’ll see what happens.</p> <p>We write from the rather humbling vantage point of former policy advisers who’ve had their share of failed presidential summits. Across several administrations, we participated in a few successful leader-to-leader meetings, but been part of – and played our part in – many more botched ones: between Israelis and Palestinians (most notably at Camp David in July 2000) and, in various incarnations, between Israelis and Syrians. No two summits are alike, and the one President Trump appears, for now, to have scotched was in a class all its own. Still, a few lessons from this checkered track record – about what is required to maximize chances of success, and what to do in case of failure – bear keeping in mind.</p> <p>As to the differences: The U.S. president’s role in Mideast summitry typically has been as mediator, not protagonist. The U.S. was interested and invested in the meetings’ outcomes but not truly at their mercy. From an American perspective, the day after an abortive presidential summit looked pretty much like the day before. Not so in the case of the putative Trump/Kim meeting, where the U.S. was to be a direct participant, whose goal should be to prevent North Korea threatening it with a nuclear-tipped missile, and which conceivably could put the two nations on the path to a peace treaty, or to war, depending on the outcome.</p> <p>Higher stakes mean a greater imperative to avoid failure, which is where experience gained from mostly unsuccessful Middle East summitry might be of some relevance. </p> <p>First lesson: The president’s advisers ought to have ensured that they were roughly on the same page. That may seem a self-evident proposition, but it’s one surprisingly often honored in the breach. Had one asked the half-dozen members of the U.S. team who, in 2000, accompanied Bill Clinton to Camp David, to describe the contours of an anticipated Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement, they would have offered more than half a dozen answers. That made it difficult for the U.S. to thoroughly prepare for the summit or adhere to a consistent view once there, and contributed to the encounter’s bumper-car quality as well as to the ability of Israelis and Palestinians (the former far more expertly than the latter) to pull us in their preferred direction. </p> <p>For Trump’s team, whose lingua franca often is cacophony, speaking in one voice might seem an impossibly tall order. In this case, confusion was on public display even before the now non-summit was to take place, from national security adviser John Bolton’s ill-advised – albeit evidently premeditated – comparison to the Libyan model (by which he seemed to mean the illusory prospect of North Korea’s complete and upfront denuclearization); to President Trump’s and Vice President Mike Pence’s subsequent confusing and no more reassuring attempt at clarification (in which they implicitly threatened North Korea’s destruction if no deal were reached); to Trump’s periodic and offhand suggestions of a more incremental and realistic approach; to his seeming desperation to hold such a meeting with the prospect of a Nobel Peace Prize at the end of the rainbow. The public lack of harmony and intermittent provocative utterances clearly had an effect on the North Koreans, who chose to answer in kind. One potential benefit of postponing the meeting would be for the administration to use the time to better define, align and discipline its views and messaging.</p> <p>A second lesson: Before holding a summit, the parties ought to share a minimal understanding of what it is designed to achieve. That doesn’t mean agreeing on the substance of a possible accord, but on its basic nature — a final resolution; an interim step; a broad set of principles; or, more modestly, the launch of a negotiating process. When Arabs and Israelis came to Madrid in 1991, they did so under the premise that theirs in fact was that humbler objective: to launch a process of negotiation not consummate a deal. Eight years later,<b> </b>when Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat met in Camp David, Barak was hoping to force through a comprehensive agreement, while Arafat’s goal was to keep the talks going and escape blame. Madrid was relatively successful. Camp David a failure. The run up to Trump’s canceled Singapore summit seems a lot more like Camp David—the unusually public and contentious pre-summit back and forth about what was to be achieved was both unusual and symptomatic of a misalignment of American and North Korean expectations and profoundly different narratives. </p> <p>Which brings us to a third lesson: Keep those expectations in check. North Korea’s immediate agreement to implement a detailed, verifiable denuclearization plan, destroy its existing nuclear material, freeze all production of fissionable material and give up its long range missiles would be optimal. It’s also almost entirely fanciful. There’s nothing wrong in principle in aiming high, but failure often lies at the other end, and a failed high-level summit (or failed high-level non-summit) is no trivial matter. </p> <p>Again, think Camp David: With the U.S. and Israel focused on achieving what, in retrospect, was an illusory comprehensive settlement, the end of the summit also meant the end of serious peace efforts, at least for a while. In the Israeli-Palestinian case, that meant a deadly and disastrous Palestinian uprising and violent Israeli response, which was bad enough. In the U.S./North Korean case, it could mean reverting back to nuclear brinkmanship, which would be far worse.</p> <p>There are many potential outcomes for a U.S.-North Korean summit that, while falling short of a comprehensive deal, nonetheless would have been, and still would be, worth pursuing. The U.S. and North Korea could agree on broad principles, including an eventual end state of full de-nuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and normalization of U.S./North Korean and intra-Korean relations. North Korea could commit to continue its freeze on nuclear and missile tests and agree to initial verification measures. The U.S could pledge to adjust the timing and scope of its joint military exercises with South Korea to quell Pyongyang’s fears. And both could agree on a sequence of expert-level talks to iron out details. That’s not everything the U.S. would wish for, but nor would it be inconsequential. </p> <p>The corollary to the third lesson is the fourth: Avoid a do-or-die mentality of the kind Barak insisted on in 2000 when negotiating with Palestinians at Camp David, and persuaded us to carry out when President Clinton met with then-President Hafez Assad of Syria earlier that year. The Israeli prime minister swiftly quashed any talk of a series of meetings, arguing that only under the pressure of a decisive encounter would his Arab counterparts take the plunge. He got his way, but his way didn’t get him – or us – what he wanted. Even the prospect of failure, of a crisis in their relations with Washington, of forfeiting whatever economic or other incentives would accompany a deal proved insufficient to get either Arafat or Assad to agree to less than they were determined to achieve. Kim may still be a mystery, but the prospect of a failed summit or of not having a summit at all almost certainly won’t get him to give up overnight all his regime built over decades. If and when it happens, any Trump-Kim summit should be seen as the first of several meetings to come. Putting too much pressure on any one meeting is a recipe for failure.</p> <p>The corollary to the corollary is to have a realistic Plan B in the event no summit takes place or one ultimately does but ends in a crisis, with no prospect for continued talks. We didn’t have a Plan B at Camp David, which tells us something about whether it was wise to go to the summit under those circumstances in the first place. That’s the fifth lesson: Trump needs a fallback and it certainly oughtn’t be war. Rather, it should be something less glorious, but more effective: containment, deterrence, diplomacy and sanctions.</p> <p>Sixth and final lesson: Don’t shut other parties out.<b> </b>In negotiating with Syrians and Palestinians, we did and shouldn’t have. Instead of mobilizing key Arab states<b> </b>to support its efforts, the U.S. excluded them from our planning, largely because of Israel’s worry about leaks and pressure. Midway through Camp David, when we needed them, their lack of information made it hard for them to help; their lack of involvement made them unwilling to try. In this instance, keeping South Korea, Japan and China involved makes sense. If, as seems the case and as Seoul’s statements in the aftermath of the issuance of Trump’s odd letter suggests, South Korea was not consulted or informed, that would be an example of what not to do. And if steps were not taken to ensure China was on board, it’s hard to see how the administration’s policy of maximum pressure can succeed.</p> <p> From the tone of his half-plaintive, half-accusatory letter, Trump still strongly wishes to have a summit, which, considering the alternative, is a good thing. He also tends to believe he has little to learn from the experience of others, particularly when he regards that experience as littered with flops. He already violated at least one piece of orthodoxy. Insulting and provocative tweets of the sort the president regularly was lobbing at Kim is not what a negotiating textbook would counsel. That he got away with it, at least for a time, and that North Korea made several gestures ever since (including the release of three American prisoners) is unlikely to make him doubt his convictions or trust any others’. His unpredictability – and predictable heterodoxy – might allow him to bend certain rules and challenge certain orthodoxies. </p> <p> Fair enough. Still, there are lessons from the past, and this week’s debacle is an indication that some of those might have been worth heeding. It is premature to declare diplomacy with North Korea over, even though risks of it being derailed have obviously risen. If there is going to be a second act, Trump at least has gained some time to get it right.</p> <div class="story-supplement" readability="32"> <footer class="content-notes magazine-notes" readability="29"> <p><i>Robert Malley was special assistant and senior adviser to President Obama and White House coordinator for the Middle East, North Africa and the Gulf Region.</i></p> </footer> </div> <div class="story-supplement" readability="32.5"> <footer class="content-notes magazine-notes" readability="30"> <p><i>Aaron David Miller is vice president for new initiatives and a distinguished scholar at the Wilson Center, and the author of </i>The End of Greatness: Why America Can’t Have (and Doesn’t Want) Another Great President<i>.</i></p> </footer> </div> <div class="story-supplement "> <aside class="content-categories"> <h6>This article tagged under:</h6> </aside> </div> <p> //www.politico.com</p> </div><!-- .entry-content --> <footer class="entry-footer"> <span class="posted-on"><span class="screen-reader-text">Posted on </span><a href="//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/index.php/2018/05/25/how-to-fail-at-summitry-lessons-for-trump-from-the-middle-east/" rel="bookmark"><time class="entry-date published updated" datetime="2018-05-25T18:18:03+00:00">25th May 2018</time></a></span> </footer><!-- .entry-footer --> </article><!-- #post-## --> <nav class="navigation pagination" role="navigation"> <h2 class="screen-reader-text">Posts navigation</h2> <div class="nav-links"><span class='page-numbers current'><span class="meta-nav screen-reader-text">Page </span>1</span> <a class='page-numbers' href='//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/index.php/page/2/'><span class="meta-nav screen-reader-text">Page </span>2</a> <span class="page-numbers dots">…</span> <a class='page-numbers' href='//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/index.php/page/4070/'><span class="meta-nav screen-reader-text">Page </span>4,070</a> <a class="next page-numbers" href="//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/index.php/page/2/">Next page</a></div> </nav> </main><!-- .site-main --> </div><!-- .content-area --> </div><!-- .site-content --> <footer id="colophon" class="site-footer" role="contentinfo"> <div class="site-info"> <a href="//wordpress.org/">Proudly powered by WordPress</a> </div><!-- .site-info --> </footer><!-- .site-footer --> </div><!-- .site --> <script type='text/javascript' src='//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/wp-content/themes/twentyfifteen/js/skip-link-focus-fix.js'></script> <script type='text/javascript'> /* <![CDATA[ */ var screenReaderText = {"expand":"<span class=\"screen-reader-text\">expand child menu<\/span>","collapse":"<span class=\"screen-reader-text\">collapse child menu<\/span>"}; /* ]]> */ </script> <script type='text/javascript' src='//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/wp-content/themes/twentyfifteen/js/functions.js'></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='//politicalnews.000webhostapp.com/wp-includes/js/wp-embed.min.js'></script> </body> </html>